HomeAsia-Pacific Social Science Reviewvol. 17 no. 1 (2017)

Callon’s Models of Science and Their Implications on Doctoral Science Mentoring: Adumbrating on a Contemporary Model of Advanced Scientific Training

Marcus Antonius Ynalvez | Ruby Ynalvez



In one of the chapters—“Four Models for the Dynamics of Science” (pp. 29-63) —of the Handbook of Science and Technologies Studies, Michel Callon (1995) described four models pertaining to the nature and dynamics of science: rational-objective (M1), competition (M2), social-cultural practice (M3), and extended rational-objective (M4) model. While conducting our own empirical research on doctoral science mentoring (DSM)1 in Japan, Singapore, and Taiwan, we found Callon’s work surprisingly insightful and informative in providing us with the theoretical foundation for our research. Hitherto, Callon’s work remains to be a rich knowledge base for our research group to imagine hypotheses, possibilities, and questions that could improve DSM in the era of “Triple Helix” global science (Etzkowitz, in press).2