HomePhilippine Journal of Psychologyvol. 45 no. 2 (2012)

An Examination of PTSD Factor Structure in Filipino Trauma Survivors: A Comparison of Ten Models Across Three Regional Groups

Imelu G. Mordeno

Discipline: Psychology



DSM-IV-TR organized PTSD Symptoms into three clusters. However, numerous studies questioned the validity of its structure and offered alternative models (e.g., Elhai, Biehn et al., 2011; King, Leslin, King, and Weathers, 1998). The current study investigated PTSD factor structure from 10 models using respondents exposed to wide-ranging trauma events. The results on the series of confirmatory factor analyses indicated that a fivefactor model (intrusion, avoidance, numbing, dysphoric arousal, and anxious arousal) fit the data best in contrast to other models. Moreover, multi-group confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated that the five-factor model achieved configural and metric invariances across three regional groups (Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao).

ross time are discussed. A call for a phenomenologically-guided intervention for HIV is needed towards the sensitive and humane treatment of young gay men living with HIV.