HomeAdvancing Literature and Communication Researchvol. 1 no. 1 (2012)

Filipino Gay Stereotypes in Mainstream and Independent Films

Maria Elena C. Reyes | Macdelle Joy D. Balacuit | Aiceil P. Carangcarang | Michelle Jade G. Diayon | Roxann Mae V. Lerin

Discipline: Social Science



 This study shed light on gay stereotypes as depicted from mainstream films and independent films by determining (1) the gay stereotypes portrayed in the films, (2) the deviations from the gay stereotypes, and the (3) implications of the gay portrayals on the present concept of Filipino gays. Employing the descriptive content analysis,the researchers selected and examined carefully four (4) films

entitled Manay Po and Markova: Comfort Gay and two independent films, Masahista (The Masseur) and Ang Pagdadalaga ni Maximo Oliveros (The Blossoming of Maximo Oliveros). The gay stereotypes depicted in the selected movies are the effeminate gays and discrete gays. The effeminate gays are portrayed in the films as crossdressers, parlorista, with flamboyant lifestyle and feminine mannerisms. On the other hand, discrete gays are shown as bisexual males, with masculine and female self image. However, there is a deviation from these gay stereotypes that is the “same sex marriage” among gays as portrayed in the scenes from the movie Manay Po. Of the films reviewed, it was only Manay Po that captured both types of gay males at the same time. Majority of the stereotypes depicted in the films leaned towards the “bakla” who is the very subject of ridicule and discrimination in a macho and paternalistic society like the Philippines. However, unlike the effeminate “bakla,” the discreet is well accepted. Those who have revealed their sexual orientation, but remained discreet in their appearances, earned the respect and admiration of their colleagues.