Chris Simon Sitienei Kipkorir | Marites A. Khanser
Discipline: Economics, Business
The research is a study on trade policy implications on food security in rice and maize in Kenya and the Philippines. It covers, globalization as embodied by the East African Community and ASEAN region, trade and agricultural trade policies, agricultural development and factors of production regarding rice and maize. The purpose of the study is to determine implication of trade and trade policy model on food security, state of production and consumption on rice and maize. We also try to determine if there is no significant correlation between the factors of production concerning rice and maize. The study is a contribution to a body of knowledge on trade policies on food security. Another significance of this research include the link of trade policies to food security which is - basic in economic development; aiding farmers or producers and traders of rice and maize in investment decision. The theoretical framework, based on regional bloc theory, was used to develop the conceptual framework. The study used document analysis research design, questionnaires and interviewing key respondents. The study used Chi-square and multiple regression to test hypotheses. The findings of the study indicate that agricultural development in terms of rice and maize has been increasing despite problems associated with land, labor and capital as factors of production. It also indicates that trade policies and agricultural trade policies affect food security. The study found out those trade policy reforms of 1980s, 1990s and 2000s reduced domestic production of rice and maize and increased importation. Further findings show that there is no significant difference between food self sufficiency and food self reliance. Some policies were proposed and others recommended, a framework proposed and a trade policy model recommended.