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HomePhilippine Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciencesvol. 32 no. 2 (2006)

Characterization of Native Chicken Production System in a Coconut-Based Farming System in Dolores, Quezon

Veneranda A. Magpantay | A.y. Pacificador Jr. | Cesar C. Sevilla | Angel L. Lambio | E.c. Gayeta | Enrico P. Supangco

Discipline: Agribusiness, Animal Science

 

Abstract:

A total of 100 farmer respondents were purposively selected and interviewed using a structured questionnaire. The objectives were to determine the management and marketing practices, assess flock performance under village condition, and identify the current problems and constraints in the production of native chicken. Results showed that the main sources of income were raising animals and planting crops. Majority raised native chicken traditionally in the range as a source of food and income. The birds were given fresh coconut meat and ground corn. Most farmers were not practicing egg collection. Artificial incubation and vaccination of chicks were never done. Selection of breeders, mostly from previous stocks, was being done based on body conformation. The mean number of eggs laid per clutch was 11.4±2.6. Hatchability rate based on egg set was 72.6±18.4% while chick mortality was 43.0±21.2%. Majority of the farmers were not selling eggs. On the average, 12.3± 10.2 head of native chicken of any type were being sold in a year. Outbreak of disease was isolated as the major constraint in raising native chicken. Despite this, most of the respondents were still willing to improve production. Results of the correlation analysis showed that income of the respondents had significant moderate positive linear relationship (r=0.44, P