HomePsychology and Education: A Multidisciplinary Journalvol. 11 no. 3 (2023)

Literature Review on Risk-Need-Responsivity Model: Basis for Program Development in Bureau of Corrections

Henmar Cardiño | Michelle Ann Abundo | Gladys Canillo | Jigo Rafael Catamio | Ryan Coroña | Annabelle Del Rosario | Darwin Diola | Leo Eusantos | Ann Maribel Hapin | Renato Jose | Alma Sheilla Liquigan-Escarcha | Adeline Magos | Aldin Pantaleon | Erwin Sario | Leonida Valena | Nenita Buan

Discipline: Education



The Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) model is the current most influential model for the assessment and treatment of offenders in the world. The RNR model has been elaborated upon and contextualized within a general personality and cognitive social learning theory of criminal conduct. This research has the objectives of identifying existing current research in relation to the usage of RNR Model as part of the concept of Jail Management in the Bureau of Corrections (BuCor), Assessing the target and applicability of the RNR Model in program development of the BuCor in the Philippines, and Provide proposal as bases for program development. A literature review was undertaken to examine and provide a proposal intervention program for offenders. The current paper critically reviews the RNR approaches to correctional treatment. Thematic analysis will be used as a method of qualitative approach for an in-depth understanding of the composition of the RNR model, and SWOT analysis will be employed for the reporting and discussion of meaningful contributions and understanding of themes. Results are themed according to Risk (High Risk Offenders, Moderate Risk Offenders, and Low Risk Offenders), Need (Criminogenic Needs and NonCriminogenic Needs), and Responsivity (Internal and External Factors). From the results and discussion of the study, the researchers drew two levels of recommendation, which are for the National Level and BuCor Level.


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