A review of the legislative actions concerning livestock development in the Philippines in the last 100 years strongly supports the idea that a country's social and political history, to a large extent, influences policymaking. In turn, its policies determine the trajectory of economic development. With the colonization of the country by the Americans since 1900 and the long held perception that the American breeds and production systems are superior as indicated by the apparent eagerness to adopt them is an evidence of this idea. Perforce, while the Constitution of 1986 expresses a strong national principle of self-reliance, the country's economy is continuously led towards import dependency. Local livestock producers fear that their industry might collapse because of the declining competitiveness of their products against the imports even at the local market. By reviewing the legislative actions since 1900, this paper provides a brief historical background of the events and policies that led to the present predicament of the Philippine livestock sector.