HomeKAYÂ TAOvol. 13 no. 1 (1994)

Working for the "Yen": Case Studies of Returning Filipino OCWs from Japan

Cristina A. Rodriguez

Discipline: Sociology, Social Studies



Case studies often Filipino return migrant workers from Japan were conducted to describe their experiences during the pre-employment, employment and post-employment stages, as well as the economic and non-economic consequences of working in Japan. The case respondents (seven females and three males) were selected based on the following criteria: means and channels of entry to Japan, type of employment, number of entries to Japan, and demographic characteristics. The findings of the study showed that the main reasons for working in Japan for both legal and illegal workers were: the employment opportunities in the entertainment field and in unskilled and skilled labour; and the wage level. The respondents in this study found working in Japan a rewarding experience for they have achieved their financial and personal goals. However, they encountered problems and difficulties while working in Japan like adjustments, violations of contract and the lack of proficiency in Nihonggo.